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Pelvic Pain

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Definition

This is defined as pain in the area of your body between the belly button and your hips. This pain may be steady or intermittent, dull ache or sharp and crampy. It can feel like pressure or heaviness and comes on particularly during intercourse, bowel movement or when sitting down in a chair.

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Causes

  • Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases
  • A tubal (ectopic) pregnancy
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Endometriosis.
  • Tension in the muscles of the pelvic floor
  • Congestion (pooling of blood) around the pelvic organs.
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Painful ovarian cysts
  • Sexual abuse

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What You Can Do

  • Antibiotics for pelvic inflammatory disease caused by bacteria

  • Pain medications like tylenol and ibuprofen

  • Ultrasound treatments which involves applying soothing, healing heat to the pelvic muscles administered through your vagina.

  • Abstinence form sexual intercourse is indicated until the problem has been evaluated by your physician.

  • Hormones to suppress ovulation

  • Physical therapy to strengthen the muscles of the pelvic floor.

  • Stress management and relaxation exercises like yoga, biofeedback and meditation

  • Myomectomy to remove fibroids if they are small, one or two in number and the uterus needs to be saved for future pregnancies to occur

  • Hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oopherectomy (surgical removal of the uterus along with the fallopian tubes and ovaries)

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Pelvic Pain